VIKASA's approach to holistic development of people
VIKASA follows Livelihood approach for a holistic development of the people thereby the villages. This involves five key strategic areas of development, as described and depicted in the image.
Human Capital Development involves organizing trainings, exposure visits, skill enhancement activities, etc. All these activities are expected to attain the knowledge about the new things / activities, forming a favourable attitude in adopting them by learning the necessary skills.
Social (and cultural) Capital Development involving formation of Village Development Committees, Farmers clubs, Farmer Producer Companies, integrating the agricultural activities with the local festivals to enable higher adoption as well as inculcating the scientific rationale in adopting the approach, inculcating the social change in reducing the open grazing to protect the orchards etc.
These two (human and social) capitals form the basis for the conviction of the clientele with whom we work and to help them pursue on the next level of capitals such as Physical and Natural capitals.
Physical capital involves improving the lands, soil moisture conservation activities, watershed development activities, improving the fertility of the soils by preparing and applying the improved organic manures etc
Natural Capital Development involves bringing the fallow lands into the productive assets by raising the orchards, growing intercrops in the orchards to maximize the outputs, raising of the bio fence crops to restrict trespassing of cattle thereby protecting the orchards in the early years of raising orchards.
All these four capitals form the basis for the economic development of the individual as well as the family. This involves attaining the higher economic returns from their existing piece of lands, maximizing the outputs by optimizing the resource base, applying new skills to attain the economic benefits from the existing resources base etc. In addition, VIKASA has been involved in the economic inclusion since late eighties by setting up MACTS (Mutually Aided Cooperative Thrift Societies). Till date, VIKASA has initiated three MACTS, the first one in Chodavaram (VIKASA MACTS) which is currently operating with a turnover of ₹21 Crores; SAGARA VIKASA located in Bheemunipatnam and is operating with an annual turnover of ₹5 Crores; and the third one VANA VIKASA MATCS with all tribal farmers located in Araku Valley with a turnover of ₹1.5 Crores. All these MATCS cater to the cash needs of the members and all the three MACTS put together serve to a total member base of 20,000 families in Visakhapatnam District.